Are You Anaemic?

How Do You Know You Are Anaemic?

  • Do you feel tired when you wake up in the morning, and throughout the rest of the day?
  • Do you have trouble concentrating and doing well at work or school, because you are so tired?
  • Do you lack the energy to accomplish basic tasks and chores, or does doing these activities seem to wipe you out?
  • Do you feel weak or dizzy along with fatigue?

 If the answer to the above questions is ‘YES’ you might want to consider getting tested for anaemia.The good news is anemia can be treated and people go on to live healthier, more productive lives.

Following are the tests done:- 

  1. Complete Hemogram
  2. Peripheral Blood Smear (PBS)
  3. Iron Profile (including S. Ferritin)
  4. C- Reactive Protein
  5. Vitamin B12
  6. Total Bilirubin
  7. Direct Bilirubin
  8. Indirect Bilirubin
  9. Reticulocyte Count

The blood in our bodies is composed of three types of cells (red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets) that circulate throughout the body.

Red blood cells contain hemoglobin (Hb), a red, iron-rich protein that carries oxygen from the lungs to all of the body's muscles and organs. Oxygen provides the energy the body needs for all of its normal activities. Anemia occurs when the number of red blood cells (or the Hb in them) falls below normal and the body gets less oxygen and therefore has less energy than it needs to function properly.


Anemia occurs when the body produces too few red blood cells, loses too many of them, or if red blood cells are destroyed faster than they can be replaced.

There are close to 100 different types of anemia with many causes, including:

  • Serious disease
  • Vitamin or iron deficiencies
  • Blood loss
  • Genetic or acquired defects or disease

Evidence shows that people who suffer from the following serious diseases are at greatest risk of developing anemia:

  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Heart Disease
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Also at risk are:

  • People over the age of 65
  • People with HIV/AIDS
  • Patients undergoing surgery

Major symptoms of anemia include:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Confusion or loss of concentration
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Pale skin, including decreased pinkness of the lips, gums, lining of the eyelids, nail beds and palms
  • Rapid heart beat (tachycardia)
  • Feeling cold
  • Sadness or depression

Because the symptoms of anemia are easily confused with the symptoms of other conditions, it is important to see a doctor for an evaluation if you are experiencing significant fatigue or other signs and symptoms listed above, or if you already have a serious disease.


Doctors diagnose anemia with the help of a medical history, physical exam and blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) to measure levels of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood and other blood tests that will check for iron or vitamin deficiencies.

On average, a normal hemoglobin range should be between 12 and 18 g/dL (grams per deciliter of blood).


The treatment of anemia varies greatly depending on the type. Your physician will help you determine the best treatment options, such as diet modification, or nutritional supplements, or medication, if needed.

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